If you are dealing with high or low blood pressure, you should seek medical treatment to help manage your blood pressure and prevent complications down the road. At NU Pathway Healthcare & Wellness, our primary care doctors would be pleased to provide blood pressure management services to you in Lanham, MD. For more information, call us today or book an appointment online.
Blood pressure refers to the force that your blood exerts against your artery and blood vessel walls. Individuals with high blood pressure, known as hypertension, or low blood pressure, known as hypotension, are at increased risk of various medical concerns and conditions.
How do you manage blood pressure?
There are a variety of different things you can do to manage blood pressure, including lifestyle modifications, medical treatment, and measuring your blood pressure at home. Some common lifestyle modifications for managing blood pressure include regular exercise, eating a healthy diet, reducing stress, and other changes. With that being said, it is important to consult with your doctor about lifestyle modifications for blood pressure management, as they can inform you on the best and safest ways of doing so, given your health and condition.
With regard to medical treatment for managing high blood pressure, some common treatments include the following:
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, which help relax your veins and arteries to lower blood pressure
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), which help dilate blood vessels
- Calcium channel blockers, which prevent calcium from entering and clogging your arteries
- Diuretics, which are sometimes called water pills, as reduce the amount of fluid in your blood vessels
- Vasodilators, which also help dilate blood vessels
Some common medical treatments for low blood pressure include fludrocortisone, which increases blood volume, and midodrine, which increases blood pressure.
What is the normal blood pressure range?
In general, the normal blood pressure range is between 90/60 mmHg and 120/80 mmHg. With that being said, the normal blood pressure range varies slightly by age and gender.
Blood pressure is measured by the amount of mercury in millimeters (mmHg) in a person’s blood. The numbers on a blood pressure readout refer to systolic blood pressure, which is the first number, and diastolic blood pressure, which is the second number. Systolic blood pressure is the amount of pressure that your blood exerts against the artery walls when your heart beats, while diastolic blood pressure is the amount of pressure your blood exerts in between beats.
What is normal blood pressure by age?
Blood pressure ranges vary according to age and gender. For men, the normal or average blood pressure ranges by age are as follows:
- Ages 21 to 25: 120.5/78.5 mmHg
- Ages 26 to 30: 119.5/76.5 mmHg
- Ages 31 to 35: 114.5/75.5 mmHg
- Ages 36 to 40: 120.5/75.5 mmHg
- Ages 41 to 45: 115.5/78.5 mmHg
- Ages 46 to 50: 119.5/80.5 mmHg
- Ages 51 to 55: 125.5/80.5 mmHg
- Ages 56 to 60: 129.5/79.5 mmHg
- Ages 61 to 65: 143.5/76.5 mmHg
For women, the normal or average blood pressure ranges by age are as follows:
- Ages 21 to 25: 115.5/70.5 mmHg
- Ages 26 to 30: 113.5/71.5 mmHg
- Ages 31 to 35: 110.5/72.5 mmHg
- Ages 36 to 40: 112.5/74.5 mmHg
- Ages 41 to 45: 116.5/73.5 mmHg
- Ages 46 to 50: 124.5/78.5 mmHg
- Ages 51 to 55: 122.5/74.5 mmHg
- Ages 56 to 60: 132.5/78.5 mmHg
- Ages 61 to 65: 130.5/77.5 mmHg
What is considered stroke level high blood pressure?
A blood pressure level of 180/120 mmHg is considered a stroke-level high blood pressure, also known as a hypertensive crisis. As such, readings that high are considered a medical emergency and require emergency care.
For more information about blood pressure management or an appointment with us at NU Pathway Healthcare & Wellness, we would be pleased to hear from you! We welcome you to give us a call or schedule an appointment right here on our website. We serve patients from Lanham, Bowie, Upper Marlboro, MD, and the DC metro area.